History

625 years in dialogue with people, travellers and many different cultures.

A short eternity in the first place is the historical old city of Innsbruck. As tradition is an obligation we manage our hotel as a family business together with our staff who, over many years, works faithfully for us.
This comforting effect helps and brings us the “fruits” for our further endeavours. It gives the feeling of hospitality. It is obvious to see the way we express our esteem for our guests and duly this service they return to our hotel once again.

How kind of you to take the time for our history. Next time whenever you visit us personally, we can chat more about this.

Sincerely yours Family Hackl and the Adler Team

A house with history

The Goldener Adler is a hotel in Innsbruck and counts as one of the oldest and outstanding hotels in Europe.

In the middle age travellers preferred to make their journeys during the day time. At night they needed shelter for themselves and their horses. The distance they managed with their carriages, or on foot, was between 20 and 40 Km each day. The result was that many important settlements, above all cities, developed giving travellers possibilities to lodge overnight. Amongst them the Goldener Adler in Innsbruck.

From the time of its establishment in 1390, countless carriages and merchants travelling on the route between Italy and Germany found a place to stay. Therefore this Innsbruck Inn enjoyed some of the most important guests over many centuries. More so than other inns on this old connecting road.

During the reign of Emperor Maximilian I the Goldener Adler was already well known. Emperor Karl V who was known to have said, the sun will never sink over his realm, once had to flee on his horse through Tyrol, also “strengthened” himself at the Goldener Adler. Written evidence also exists telling of following occurrence in this inn: In February in the year of 1573 Archduke Ferdinand of Tyrol, husband of the beautiful Philippine Welser, invited to a shooting feast, which amounted to a considerable sum of money. For this very large visit of 413 persons and 580 horses including his retinue the landlord of the Goldener Adler in these days was paid 1800 guilders. It seems this sum also included the stay for part of the massive retinue of guests, from a far, in separate houses.

In the year 1689 the Niederkirchner family acquired the Goldener Adler. Their ownership continued for 6 generations thereafter. During this time Emperor Joseph II made a pause after a long journey from Paris where he had visited his sister Marie Antoinette and on 29 July 1777 he entered the city through the old Inn gate and spent the night at the Goldener Adler using the name of Count Falkenstein. The inhabitants of the city were most impressed by his friendliness towards them. On the wall of the Kaiser-Joseph-room a painting is showing the image of Joseph II that looks down over the later generations of guests at the Goldener Adler. By now the Goldener Adler had become so renowned that Leopold Mozart reserved a room for himself and his son Wolfgang whilst staying in Milan.
The great poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe also paid two visits to this house. The first time on September 8th 1786. He was on his first journey to Italy and stayed over midday. It is known that he held a conversation with the son of the landlord Söller in person, who viewed one of his works. An oil painting in the hotel entrance shows this encounter.

Four years later Goethe returned and spent two nights accompanied by the Duchess Amalie of Sachsen-Weimar. The “Goethestube” room later became a meeting point for Tyrolean poets, painters and musicians.

Also in Tyrol’s freedom fights in the year 1809 the Goldener Adler played a roll. After the victory over the Napoleonic troupes the Tyrolean peoples hero Andreas Hofer spoke to his freedom fighters from the first floor of the Goldener Adler on 15 August 1809. He told them “people of Innsbruck, I will never leave you as true as my name is Andreas Hofer. I have now told you this, you have seen me and may God take care of you.”

Two stone slabs point out the occurances. The stone slab mounted on the westside of the house on the occasion of the described event. The other stone, placed on the eastside, originates from the Steinbock Inn in Steinach, near to the Brenner Pass, where Andreas Hofer often stayed and where on 2 November 1809, he decided on submission.

After the war of the Napoleonic era, the Goldener Adler led a tranquil existence. King Ludwig I. of Bavaria was often a guest. In the year 1828 the enchanting violinist Niccolò Paganini was a guest. On the window pane of his room he scratched his name even.

In the year 1856, the local Innsbruck newspaper reported that the owner of the Goldener Adler, Mr. Penz, has sold the house to a certain Mr. Johann Botzenhardt.
The same newspaper remembered on the 4 June 1890 Goethe’s past visit. It will be 100 years in time since Goethe returned from Venice via the Brenner Pass, he accompanied the retinue of Duchess Anna Amalia, Chamberlin von Einsiedel and lady in waiting Thusnelda von Göchhausen.
They made a stop in Innsbruck and spent two nights at the Goldener Adler where they had rooms on the second floor.

On the 16 June 1903 the town newspaper published the announcement of the sale of the Goldener Adler. To my nephew Johann Hakl. A pictorial impression was also in the entry.

During his direction – in the archives often only referred to as “Hakl”, Archduke Eugen was a guest at the Goldener Adler.
A letter written by Archduke Eugen which, witnesses his visit, still hangs above the restaurant bar up to this day.

In April 1910 the Innsbruck local newspaper wrote:
“We have been informed that in the hotel Goldener Adler a magnificent crucifix can be seen. It originates, according to information, from the Nuremberg artist Albrecht Dürer. The work was carried out between 1520 and 1528 and is valued at 66.000 Krones.”

The Hakls were great lovers of art, patrons of the arts and collectors. Johann Hakl, as landlord of the Goldener Adler, made a lord and acquired the giant panoramic painting including the rotunda for 261 million Krones. The following year he added a building to combine the rotunda with a restaurant.

“This great lover of art and patriotic man took great bother and sacrifice to acquire the native works of his own country. Which owes thanks to him resulting that the giant painting was kept in Tyrol and the state capitol Innsbruck”. – Josef Hirn
On 17 August 1924 the panorama was reopened and, up to the new museum location on the Bergisel, it counted over 200.0002 visitors each year.

In 1927 the Goldener Adler was bought by the family Cammerlander which continued over some generations of the family. In the years 1957 and 1964 renovations were carried out whereby late Gothic frescos were found on the façade.

At the time of the 600 year jubilee celebrations at the Goldener Adler in 1990 the hotel was modernised, the tradition of the hotel being taken into consideration.

In 2004 Family J. Hackl bought the hotel, managing the hotel from the beginning and putting in a lot of time and energy. Carrying out their task with immense dedication and offering true hospitality.

Guests and Authors with biographical references to the Hotel Goldener Adler in Innsbruck:

1573 Archduke Ferdinand II. of Tyrol, husband of the beautiful Philippine Welser, held and invitation to an elaborate meal on the occasion of an extensive shooting feast.

1790 Goethe and a party of travellers who accompanied the Duchesses mother Amalia, stayed at the Goldener Adler; Goethe already visited once the house once in 1786 when he made a pause for a meal whilst on his journey to Italy.

1799 and 1803 The German author Friedrich von Matthisson found his way to the Goldener Adler whilst serving Princess Luise von Anhalt-Dessau as a guide, when she travelled in Tyrol.

1804 the author August von Kotzebue and his third wife spent a number of days at the Goldener Adler, whilst travelling in October after the occasion of their wedding.

1827 the authoress Charlotte von Ahlefeld stayed at the Goldener Adler in summertime this year.

1828 Heinrich Heine visited the Goldener Adler for a number of days.

1904 Archduke Eugen of Austria visited Tyrol and the “first house” in town.

Famous guests in recent times (Taken from our list next to the entrance of our hotel):

1958 Maria Augusta Trapp
1958 Maria Augusta Trapp
1969 Dr. Otto von Habsburg
1952 Albert Camus
1972 Jean Paul Sartre
1976 Leopold III, König von Belgien
1976 Kronprinz Harald von Norwegen
1976 Prinzessin Sonja von Norwegen
1978 Königin Juliane der Niederlande
1984 Königin Silvia von Schweden


author: DI Hannes Handle

Quellen:

Wikipedia
Klein, Hugo: Alt-Innsbrucker Gaststätten. Historische Plaudereien von Hugo Klein. Innsbruck: Wagner 1962 (Schlern-Schriften, 222).
Walder-Gottsbacher, Peter: Vom Wirtshaus zum Grand-Hotel: Ein Spaziergang zu Innsbrucks historischen Gaststätten. Innsbruck; Wien [u.a.]: StudienVerlag 2002 (Veröffentlichungen des Innsbrucker Stadtarchivs; N.F., 28).
Weingartner, Josef: Berühmte Tiroler Wirtshäuser und Wirtsfamilien. Innsbruck: Wagner 1956 (Schlern-Schriften, 159).
Forschungsinstitut Brenner Archiv
Homepage Hotel Fahrner
Homepage Anton Prock

Geocache: 47° 16′ 06,37″ N, 11° 23′ 32,49″ O